What Is a Herniated Disc?

The spine is an intricate structure made up of many components. These include your vertebrae, which are the bones of the spine, and the intervertebral discs, which are cushion-like structures located between the vertebrae. A herniated disc is also referred to as a ruptured, slipped, or bulging disc. A chiropractor serving Fort Wayne may diagnose you with a herniated disc if you experience symptoms such as back pain and tingling. Although these symptoms may sometimes be debilitating, herniated disc treatment can be highly effective.

Symptoms
herniated disc treatment | Fort Wayne Not all herniated discs result in symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they are dependent upon the location of the damaged disc. If the herniated disc is located in the cervical spine, or neck region, then you may experience pain of the shoulder and arm. You may report shooting pain into your arm when you cough or sneeze. If a chiropractor determines that your herniated disc is in your lumbar region, or lower back, you have probably noticed that the pain is predominantly in your buttocks, thigh, and calf. Other symptoms of disc herniation can include numbness and tingling. The muscles can also be affected. Muscle weakness may lead to difficulty lifting objects or walking properly without stumbling.

Causes
Disc herniation occurs when the material in the center of the disc protrudes through a crack in the disc wall. Sometimes, this material can exert stress on a nerve, which leads to symptoms such as numbness and tingling. Usually, disc herniation occurs because of age-related changes to the spine and gradual wear and tear damage, known as degenerative disc disease. Weakened, brittle discs are more susceptible to rupturing under physical trauma or during movements such as abrupt twisting of the back.

Treatment Options
Chiropractic care provides a whole-person approach to bulging disc treatment. A doctor of chiropractic may recommend spinal manipulation to relieve stress on the nerves, along with therapeutic exercises and stretching. Other non-invasive treatment modalities can also help, such as cold and heat therapy.

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